Link Building

101 Ways to Link Building
Love for Lists

1. Build a "101 list". These get Dugg all the time, and often become "authority documents". People can't resist linking to these (hint, hint).

2. Create 10 easy tips to help you [insert topic here] articles. Again, these are exceptionally easy to link to.

3. Create extensive resource lists for a specific topic (see Mr Ploppy for inspiration).

4. Create a list of the top 10 myths for a specific category.

5. Create a list of gurus/experts. If you impress the people listed well enough, or find a way to make your project look somewhat official, the gurus may end up linking to your site or saying thanks. (Sometimes flattery is the easiest way to strike up a good relationship with an "authority".)

Developing Authority & Being Easy to Link At
6. Make your content easy to understand so many people can understand and spread your message. (It's an accessibility thing.)

7. Put some effort in to minimize grammatical or spelling errors, especially if you need authoritative people like librarians to link to your site.

8. Have an easily accessible privacy policy and about section so your site seems more trustworthy. Including a picture of yourself may also help build your authority.

PPC as a Link Building Tool
9. Buy relevant traffic with a pay per click campaign. Relevant traffic will get your site more visitors and brand exposure. When people come to your site, regardless of the channel in which they found it, there is a possibility that they will link to you.

News & Syndication
10. Syndicate an article at EzineArticles, GoArticles, iSnare, etc. The great thing about good article sites is that their article pages actually rank highly and send highly qualified traffic.

11. Submit an article to industry news site. Have an SEO site? Write an article and submit to WebProNews. Have a site about BLANK? Submit to BLANKinformationalsite.com.

12. Syndicate a press release. Take the time to make it GOOD (compelling, newsworthy). Email it to some handpicked journalists and bloggers. Personalize the email message. For good measure, submit it to PRWeb, PRLeap, etc.

13. Track who picks up your articles or press releases. Offer them exclusive news or content.

14. Trade articles with other webmasters.

15. Email a few friends when you have important relevant news asking them for their feedback and/or if they would mind referencing it if they find your information useful.

16. Write about, and link to, companies with "in the news" pages. They link back to stories and blog posts which cover their developments. This is obviously easiest if you have a news section or blog. Do a Google search for [your industry + "in the news"].

17. Perform surveys and studies that make people feel important. If you can make other people feel important they will help do your marketing for you for free. Salary.com did a study on how underpaid mothers were, and they got many high quality links.

Directories, Meme Trackers & Social Bookmarking
18. This tip is an oldie but goodie: submit your site to DMOZ and other directories that allow free submissions.

19. Submit your site to paid directories. Another oldie. Just remember that quality matters.

20. Create your own topical directory about your field of interest. Obviously link to your own site, deeplinking to important content where possible. Of course, if you make it into a truly useful resource, it will attract links on its own.

21. Tag related sites on sites like Del.icio.us. If people find the sites you tag to be interesting, emotionally engaging, or timely they may follow the trail back to your site.

22. If you create something that is of great quality make sure you ask a few friends to tag it for you. If your site gets on the front page of Digg or on the Del.icio.us popular list, hundreds more bloggers will see your site, and potentially link to it.

23. Look at meme trackers to see what ideas are spreading. If you write about popular spreading ideas with plenty of original content (and link to some of the original resources), your site may get listed as a source on the meme tracker site.

Local & Business Links
24. Join the Better Business Bureau.

25. Get a link from your local chamber of commerce.

26. Submit your link to relevant city and state governmental resources. (Easier in some countries than in others.)

27. List your site at the local library's Web site.

28. See if your manufacturers or retailers or other business partners might be willing to link to your site.

29. Develop business relationships with non-competing businesses in the same field. Leverage these relationships online and off, by recommending each other via links and distributing each other's business cards.

30. Launch an affiliate program. Most of the links you pick up will not have SEO value, but the added exposure will almost always lead to additional "normal" links.

Easy Free Links
31. Depending on your category and offer, you will find Craigslist to be a cheap or free classified service.

32. It is pretty easy to ask or answer questions on Yahoo! Answers and provide links to relevant resources.

33. It is pretty easy to ask or answer questions on Google Groups and provide links to relevant resources.

34. If you run a fairly reputable company, create a page about it in the Wikipedia or in topic specific wikis. If it is hard to list your site directly, try to add links to other pages that link to your site.

35. It takes about 15 minutes to set up a topical Squidoo page, which you can use to look like an industry expert. Link to expert documents and popular useful tools in your fields, and also create a link back to your site.

36. Submit a story to Digg that links to an article on your site. You can also submit other content and have some of its link authority flow back to your profile page.

37. If you publish an RSS feed and your content is useful and regularly updated, some people will syndicate your RSS content (and some of those will provide links… unfortunately, some will not).

38. Most forums allow members to leave signature links or personal profile links. If you make quality contributions some people will follow these links and potentially read your site, link at your site, and/or buy your products.

Have a Big Heart for Reviews
39. Most brands are not well established online, so if your site has much authority, your review related content often ranks well.

40. Review relevant products on Amazon.com. We have seen this draw in direct customer enquiries and secondary links.

41. Create product lists on Amazon.com that review top products and also mention your background (LINK!).

42. Review related sites on Alexa to draw in related traffic streams.

43. Review products and services on shopping search engines like ePinions to help build your authority.

44. If you buy a product or service you really like and are good at leaving testimonials, many of those turn into links. Two testimonial writing tips — make them believable, and be specific where possible.

Blogs & the Blogosphere
45. Start a blog. Not just for the sake of having one. Post regularly and post great content. Good execution is what gets the links.

46. Link to other blogs from your blog. Outbound links are one of the cheapest forms of marketing available. Many bloggers also track who is linking to them or where their traffic comes from, so linking to them is an easy way to get noticed by some of them.

47. Comment on other blogs. Most of these comments will not provide much direct search engine value, but if your comments are useful, insightful, and relevant they can drive direct traffic. They also help make the other bloggers become aware of you, and they may start reading your blog and/or linking to it.

48. Technorati tag pages rank well in Yahoo! and MSN, and to a lesser extent in Google. Even if your blog is fairly new you can have your posts featured on the Technorati tag pages by tagging your posts with relevant tags.

49. If you create a blog make sure you list it in a few of the best blog directories.

Design as a Linking Element
50. Web 2.0-ify your site. People love to link to anything with AJAX. Even in the narrowest of niches, there is some kind of useful functionality you can build with AJAX.

51. Validate and 508 your site. This (indirect) method makes your site more trustworthy and linkable, especially from governmental sites or design-oriented communities. There are even a few authoritative directories of standards-compliant sites.

52. Order a beautiful CSS redesign. A nice design can get links from sites like CSS Vault.

Hire Help
53. Hire a publicist. Good old fashioned 'PR' (not PageRank) can still work wonders. Andy Hagans now offers a link baiting publicity service.

54. Hire a consultant. Yes, you can outsource link building. Just make sure to go with someone good. We recommend WeBuildPages, Debra Mastaler and, ahem, Andy Hagans.

Link Trading
55. Swap some links. What?! Did we really just recommend reciprocal link building? Yes, on a small scale, and with relevant partners that will send you traffic. Stay away from the link trading hubs and networks.

56. In case you didn't get the memo — when swapping links, try to get links from within the content of relevant content pages. Do not try to get links from pages that list hundreds of off topic link partners. Only seek link exchanges that you would consider pursuing even if search engines did not exist. Instead of thinking just about your topic when exchanging links, think about demographic audience sets.

Buying Sites, Renting Links & Advertisements
57. Rent some high quality links from a broker. Text Link Ads is the most reputable firm in this niche.

58. Rent some high quality links directly from Web sites. Sometimes the most powerful rented links come direct from sites not actively renting links.

59. Become a sponsor. All sorts of charities, contests, and conferences link to their sponsors. This can be a great way to gain visibility, links, and a warm feeling in your heart.

60. Sell items on eBay and offer to donate the profits to a charity. Many charities will link both to the eBay auction and to your site.

61. Many search algorithms seem biased toward older established sites. It may be faster to buy an old site with a strong link profile, and link it to your own site, than to try to start building authority links from scratch.

Use the Courts (Proceed with Caution)
62. Sue Google.

63. Get sued by a company people hate. When Aaron was sued by Traffic Power, he got hundreds or thousands of links, including links from sites like Wired and The Wall Street Journal.

Freebies & Giveaways
64. Hold a contest. Contests make great link bait. A few-hundred-dollar prize can result in thousands of dollars worth of editorial quality links. Enough said.

65. Build a tool collection. Original and useful tools (and collections of tools) get a lot of link love. What do you think ranking for mortgage calculator is worth?

66. Create and release open source site design templates for content management systems like Wordpress. Don't forget the "Designed by example.com" bit in the footer!

67. Offer free samples in exchange for feedback.

68. Release a Firefox extension. Make sure you have a download and/or support page on your site which people can link to.

Conferences & Social Interaction
69. It is easy to take pictures of important events and tell narratives about why they are important. Pictures of (drunk?) "celebrities" in your industry make great link bait.

70. Leverage new real world relationships into linking relationships. If you go to SEO related conferences, people like Tim Mayer, Matt Cutts, and Danny Sullivan are readily accessible. Similarly, in other industries, people who would normally seem inaccessible are exceptionally accessible at trade conferences. It is much easier to seem "real" in person. Once you create social relationships in person, it is easy to extend that onto the web.

71. Engaging, useful, and interesting interviews are an easy way to create original content. And they spread like wildfire.

30 Bad Ways to Build Links
Here are a few link buiding methods that may destroy your brand or get your site banned/penalized/filtered from major search engines, or both.

Directories
72. Submit your site to 200 cheesy paid directories (averaging $15 a pop) that send zero traffic and sell offtopic run-of-site links.

Forum Spam
73. List 100 Web sites in your signature file.

74. Exclusively post only when you can add links to your sites in the post area.

75. Post nothing but "me too" posts to build your post count. Use in combination with a link-rich signature file.

76. Ask questions about who provides the best [WIDGET], where [WIDGET] is an item that you sell. From the same IP address create another forum account and answer your own question raving about how great your own site is.

77. As a new member to various forums, ask the same question at 20 different forums on the same day.

78. Post on forum threads that are years outdated exclusively to link to your semi-related website.

79. Sign up for profiles on forums you never intend on commenting on.

Blog Spam
80. Instead of signing blog comments with your real name, sign them with spammy keywords.

81. Start marketing your own site hard on your first blog comment. Add no value to the comment section. Mention nothing other than you recently posted on the same subject at _____ and everyone should read it. Carpet bomb dozens of blogs with this message.

82. Say nothing unique or relevant to the post at hand. Make them assume an automated bot hit their comments.

83. Better yet, use automated bots to hit their comments. List at least 30 links in each post. Try to see if you can hit any servers hard enough to make them crash.

84. Send pings to everyone talking about a subject. In your aggregation post, state nothing of interest. Only state that other people are talking about the topic.

85. Don't even link to any of the sites you are pinging. Send them pings from posts that do not even reference them.

Garbage Link Exchanges
86. Send out link exchange requests mentioning PageRank.

87. Send link exchange emails which look like an automated bot sent them (little or no customization, no personal names, etc.).

88. Send link exchange requests to Matt Cutts, Tim Mayer, Tim Converse, Google, and Yahoo!.

89. Get links from nearly-hidden sections of websites listing hundreds or thousands of off topic sites.

Spam People in Person
90. Go to webmaster conferences and rave about how rich you are, and how your affiliates make millions doing nothing.

91. Instead of asking people what their name is, ask what their URL is. As soon as you get their URL ask if they have linked to your site yet and if not, why not.

Be Persistant
92. Send a webmaster an alert to every post you make on your website.

93. Send a webmaster an email every single day asking for them to link to your website.

94. Send references to your site to the same webmaster from dozens of different email accounts (you sly dog).

95. If the above do not work to get you a free link, offer them $1 for their time. Increase your offer by a dollar each day until they give in.

Getting Links by Being a Jerk
96. Emulate the RIAA. When in doubt, file a lawsuit against a 12-year-old girl. (Failing that, obtain bad press by any means necessary.)

97. Steal content published by well known names. Strip out any attribution. Aggregate many popular channels and just wait for them to start talking about you.

98. Send thousands of fake referrals at every top ranking Web site, guaranteeing larger boobs, a 14-inch penis (is that length or girth?), or millions of dollars in free, unclaimed money.

99. Wear your URL on your t-shirt. Walk or drive your car while talking on a cell phone or reading a book. When you run into other people say "excuse you, jerk".

100. Spill coffee on people or find creative ways to insult people to coax them into linking at your site.

101. Sue other webmasters for deep linking to your site. Well, this is more "hilariously dumb" than it is a "bad linking practice".

Members Login
Site Updates
  • party6favor9 created a new topic ' tissue pom poms Robert' in the forum.
    oday, Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 has lost contact for a whole month.

    starting on the 4th, China and Australia to search the boat several times to detect underwater pulse signal search operation launched since become the most promising leads. However, this signal is emitted by the black box flight MH370, but also a few days to confirm. Eventually find MH370 flight, still needs "needle in a haystack."
    Long
    MH370 flight search actions, distance away, the time, the difficulty of, beyond all previous experience and knowledge of civil aviation emergencies. Even been called "the most mysterious history crash [/b]"The 2009 crash of Air France flight AF447, nor experienced such a complex search.

    MH370 early flight lost contact with flight AF447 has a strikingly similar plot: all suddenly disappeared, no distress signal; disappeared in the ocean over the place; AF447 flight crash [/b]After six days, only part of the wreckage was found, and the wreckage of Flight MH370 is still not found ,tissue pom poms......

    MH370 what actually happened, and now still dense fog. Looks very similar to the AF447 crash, until two years after the occurrence of the black box found, three years after the final accident investigation report drawn: operating errors and technical risks dual factors caused the tragedy.

    MH370 uncover the truth, and perhaps take a long time.

    aircraft disappeared
    7, the Capital Airport T3 Terminal B floor area of ​​international flights to the Port screen, top of the first row rolling glaring red font from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing flights Malaysia Airlines MH370 planned arrival time of 6:30, remarks "delay."

    pick people waiting for flight delays often did not feel anything unusual - until the remarks column MH370 flight information, the "delay" into a "Cancel."

    8 时 44 分, MH370 flight "lost contact" Malaysia Airlines release. From that moment, people's hearts are clench.

    this scene, almost five years ago, the day the crash of Air France flight AF447, Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport scene reproduction.

    2009 年 6 morning of May 1, AF447 flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris, France plans to 11:10 (AF447 flight time are related to the use of Greenwich Mean Time, the same below) arrived at Charles de Gaulle airport. Expected arrival time has elapsed, the flight did not fly. Charles de Gaulle airport on arrival flight display, AF447 and MH370, are "delayed" display.

    afternoon, Air France released the news that shocked the world: AF447 flight over the Atlantic "disappear." Media reports using a more accurate translation of the wording: "disappeared." With respect to the term "lost contact" was originally used by Malaysia Airlines, "disappeared" apparently contains a more severe and dangerous possibility.

    In fact, last minute flight lost contact, MH370 really disappear even more completely than the AF447. At 1:09:29 on the 8th, MH370 Kuala Lumpur ATC center conducted last call: "Good evening, this is the MH370." Then, the plane disappeared.

    The AF447 contact with the world final, is 4 minutes 2:10 later, the aircraft airborne communications addressing and reporting system (abbreviation ACARS) issued 24 automatic fault code information. Immediately, the ground control officers found the missing aircraft.

    fault information and intensive aircraft suddenly disappeared issued together, prompted the disastrous results.

    task execution AF447 flight Airbus A330-200 aircraft. The aircraft started to develop in 1986, 1998 and put into operation. Airbus A330 has been &quot,Wedding decoration flower;ultra-modern" and "security" is known, it maintains 18,870 hours of flight recorders, and many times across the Atlantic, there has never been a big mistake.

    until June 1, 2009, A330's safety record screeching halt.

    A day earlier, on May 31, 2009 22:03 Air France flight AF447 took off from Rio de Janeiro's Galeao International Airport. Prior to routine screening repair, mechanic for the left side of the cockpit of the aircraft to replace a piece of radio control panel. Flights from Paris when flying, the pilot reported a small radio control panel failure. The plane was the only glitch is also ruled out, it is done all the flight preparations.

    flight captain is Mark? Dubois, when he was 58 years old, in 1988 the entry of Air France, has 11,000 hours of flying experience, Air France is one of the most senior captain. Copilot David? Robert, when he was 37 years old, has 6,600 hours of flying experience.

    As the flight AF447 flight time of up to 13 hours, in addition to the captain and co-pilot, Air France also arranged for a co-pilot Pierre? Boonen, the three men take turns on duty operation to ensure adequate energy. 32-year-old Boonen is three most junior pilots, there are more than 3000 hours of flying experience, get disqualified A330 airliner has been a year.

    Pierre? Boonen's wife is also on the plane, is one of the 216 passengers. Her trip to Brazil, just take her husband to drive the plane home. It appears that this is a romantic air trip.

    AF447 flight, carrying a total of 216 passengers and 12 crew members, including one infant, seven children. They came from 32 countries, most of them Brazilians and French.

    Among the passengers, there are nine Chinese people. Paris, France, Brazil and China routes to transit stations, from Brazil, the Chinese people will return home aboard Air France flight AF447. Associate Professor Xiao Xiang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, had just attended the international conference held in Brazil, after returning to France transit; only 27 years old Zhuo Jia Chun Huawei expatriate employees, just married less than a year, this line is returning to visit ; General Manager of Liaoning Benxi Iron and Steel Group Mingwen, led a six-person delegation to the end of the study in Brazil home. Brazil is one of the main origin of the world's iron ore, iron ore companies Benxi Iron and Steel Group and Brazil have close trade links; Zhejiang Chen Qingwei, is applying for investment immigration to Brazil.

    After the plane took off, quickly rising to 35,000 feet (about 11,000 meters) cruising altitude and into autopilot.

    aircraft along the north edge of the South American continent flight, then turned to the east, from the Atlantic Ocean to Africa. 1:35, the pilot reported the flight altitude and heading to the Brazilian air traffic control agency, said it would enter Senegal's air traffic control area within 50 minutes.

    Brazilian ATC control officers responded, asking whether the flight arrived Tahir checkpoint.

    aircraft when crossing the ocean, go through certain checkpoints to determine the location. Tahir checkpoint on the AF447 flight route is the most important one. Its location in the middle of South America and Africa, plays the role of a transit point for air traffic control. In its sides, the pilot should report the situation to Brazil and Senegal flights respectively.

    Tahir checkpoint from the American continent and the African continent are very far away, beyond the range of land-based aviation surveillance radar, which in radar blind spot. 1:49, AF447 on the radar screen of the Brazilian air traffic control bodies disappeared.

    Each checkpoint Tahir flying from Brazil flights will temporarily lose at this distance the radar signals. AF447 disappeared from radar is not unusual, but the air traffic controllers in Brazil is somewhat nervous. Previously, they asked whether the Tower Hill on AF447 checkpoint has not been answered. After seven seconds, asking repeated, over six seconds and repeat it again, still no answer,party Favor Bags.

    However, away from the mainland Tahir checkpoint areas not receiving high-frequency radio waves and the phenomenon is not unusual,party favors. Brazil's air traffic control officers are more worried about the weather conditions in the region. At that time, a wide and 125 kilometers of storm with strong airflow being lie on the route.

    2:20, the AF447 flight into Senegalese air traffic control area estimated time Brazilian air traffic controllers contacted Senegal. And until two hours later, the Senegal radar did not find AF447 figure. The radio call again and again, the same is not answered.

    Senegalese air traffic control departments can notify Air France flight AF447 they can not find it gone.

    相关的主题文章:


    Sichuan, a small trainer aircraft crashed resulting in two people were killed - China - East Zaobao

    paper straws wholesale I want to make a question mark.
    Read More...
    4 hours 10 minutes ago
  • party6favor9 created a new topic ' Striped Paper Straws crash' in the forum.
    Roundup] [World Wide Web, according to Japan's "Tokyo Shimbun" reported on February 11th, the 11th,Striped Paper Straws, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan in 2013 U.S. military helicopter crashes have occurred in the U.S. military base in Okinawa crash [/b]-site soil sampling results of the analysis show that the fall scene surrounding soil, arsenic and other harmful substances exceeded, the result is then recorded in the U.S,green Stripe straws. investigation report into the environment book inside and made by the Okinawa Prefectural Government Okinawa Defense Bureau. 2013 年 8 5 March,paper straws outlet, the U.S. military in an HH-60 helicopter crashed in the near Okinawa Ginoza of U.S. troops stationed in Okinawa ground. U.S. military issued a statement, said the crash [/b]fire on the surrounding environment will not cause accidents profound impact, and will begin at the end of January 2014 remove crash [/b]the scene surrounding 50 square meters of soil topsoil operations.&nbsp,paper straws wholesale;
    due to local drinking water sources Okawa Dam located near the crash scene of the accident, Ginoza stopped after the accident from the big access to drinking water in the dam. (Internship compile: Xia Yimin Reviewer: Wang Huan)
    相关的主题文章:


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    Read More...
    9 hours 34 minutes ago
  • party6favor9 created a new topic ' tissue pom poms 2009 22' in the forum.
    oday, Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 has lost contact for a whole month.

    starting on the 4th, China and Australia to search the boat several times to detect underwater pulse signal search operation launched since become the most promising leads. However, this signal is emitted by the black box flight MH370, but also a few days to confirm. Eventually find MH370 flight, still needs "needle in a haystack."
    Long
    MH370 flight search actions, distance away, the time, the difficulty of, beyond all previous experience and knowledge of civil aviation emergencies. Even been called "the most mysterious history crash [/b]"The 2009 crash of Air France flight AF447, nor experienced such a complex search.

    MH370 early flight lost contact with flight AF447 has a strikingly similar plot: all suddenly disappeared, no distress signal; disappeared in the ocean over the place; AF447 flight crash [/b]After six days, only part of the wreckage was found, and the wreckage of Flight MH370 is still not found ,tissue pom poms......

    MH370 what actually happened, and now still dense fog. Looks very similar to the AF447 crash, until two years after the occurrence of the black box found, three years after the final accident investigation report drawn: operating errors and technical risks dual factors caused the tragedy.

    MH370 uncover the truth, and perhaps take a long time.

    aircraft disappeared
    7, the Capital Airport T3 Terminal B floor area of ​​international flights to the Port screen, top of the first row rolling glaring red font from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing flights Malaysia Airlines MH370 planned arrival time of 6:30, remarks "delay."

    pick people waiting for flight delays often did not feel anything unusual - until the remarks column MH370 flight information, the "delay" into a "Cancel."

    8 时 44 分, MH370 flight "lost contact" Malaysia Airlines release. From that moment, people's hearts are clench.
    &nbsp,party favors;
    this scene, almost five years ago, the day the crash of Air France flight AF447, Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport scene reproduction.

    2009 年 6 morning of May 1, AF447 flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris, France plans to 11:10 (AF447 flight time are related to the use of Greenwich Mean Time, the same below) arrived at Charles de Gaulle airport. Expected arrival time has elapsed, the flight did not fly. Charles de Gaulle airport on arrival flight display, AF447 and MH370, are "delayed" display.

    afternoon, Air France released the news that shocked the world: AF447 flight over the Atlantic "disappear." Media reports using a more accurate translation of the wording: "disappeared." With respect to the term "lost contact" was originally used by Malaysia Airlines, "disappeared" apparently contains a more severe and dangerous possibility.

    In fact, last minute flight lost contact, MH370 really disappear even more completely than the AF447. At 1:09:29 on the 8th, MH370 Kuala Lumpur ATC center conducted last call: "Good evening, this is the MH370." Then, the plane disappeared.

    The AF447 contact with the world final, is 4 minutes 2:10 later, the aircraft airborne communications addressing and reporting system (abbreviation ACARS) issued 24 automatic fault code information. Immediately, the ground control officers found the missing aircraft.

    fault information and intensive aircraft suddenly disappeared issued together, prompted the disastrous results.

    task execution AF447 flight Airbus A330-200 aircraft. The aircraft started to develop in 1986, 1998 and put into operation. Airbus A330 has been "ultra-modern" and "security" is known, it maintains 18,870 hours of flight recorders, and many times across the Atlantic, there has never been a big mistake.

    until June 1, 2009, A330's safety record screeching halt.

    A day earlier, on May 31, 2009 22:03 Air France flight AF447 took off from Rio de Janeiro's Galeao International Airport. Prior to routine screening repair, mechanic for the left side of the cockpit of the aircraft to replace a piece of radio control panel. Flights from Paris when flying, the pilot reported a small radio control panel failure. The plane was the only glitch is also ruled out, it is done all the flight preparations.

    flight captain is Mark? Dubois, when he was 58 years old, in 1988 the entry of Air France, has 11,000 hours of flying experience, Air France is one of the most senior captain. Copilot David? Robert, when he was 37 years old, has 6,600 hours of flying experience.

    As the flight AF447 flight time of up to 13 hours, in addition to the captain and co-pilot, Air France also arranged for a co-pilot Pierre? Boonen, the three men take turns on duty operation to ensure adequate energy. 32-year-old Boonen is three most junior pilots, there are more than 3000 hours of flying experience, get disqualified A330 airliner has been a year.

    Pierre? Boonen's wife is also on the plane, is one of the 216 passengers. Her trip to Brazil, just take her husband to drive the plane home. It appears that this is a romantic air trip.

    AF447 flight, carrying a total of 216 passengers and 12 crew members, including one infant, seven children. They came from 32 countries, most of them Brazilians and French. &nbsp,paper straws wholesale;

    Among the passengers, there are nine Chinese people. Paris, France, Brazil and China routes to transit stations, from Brazil, the Chinese people will return home aboard Air France flight AF447. Associate Professor Xiao Xiang,green straws, Chinese Academy of Sciences, had just attended the international conference held in Brazil, after returning to France transit; only 27 years old Zhuo Jia Chun Huawei expatriate employees, just married less than a year, this line is returning to visit ; General Manager of Liaoning Benxi Iron and Steel Group Mingwen, led a six-person delegation to the end of the study in Brazil home. Brazil is one of the main origin of the world's iron ore, iron ore companies Benxi Iron and Steel Group and Brazil have close trade links; Zhejiang Chen Qingwei, is applying for investment immigration to Brazil.

    After the plane took off, quickly rising to 35,000 feet (about 11,000 meters) cruising altitude and into autopilot.

    aircraft along the north edge of the South American continent flight, then turned to the east, from the Atlantic Ocean to Africa. 1:35, the pilot reported the flight altitude and heading to the Brazilian air traffic control agency, said it would enter Senegal's air traffic control area within 50 minutes.

    Brazilian ATC control officers responded, asking whether the flight arrived Tahir checkpoint.

    aircraft when crossing the ocean, go through certain checkpoints to determine the location. Tahir checkpoint on the AF447 flight route is the most important one. Its location in the middle of South America and Africa, plays the role of a transit point for air traffic control. In its sides, the pilot should report the situation to Brazil and Senegal flights respectively.

    Tahir checkpoint from the American continent and the African continent are very far away, beyond the range of land-based aviation surveillance radar, which in radar blind spot. 1:49, AF447 on the radar screen of the Brazilian air traffic control bodies disappeared.

    Each checkpoint Tahir flying from Brazil flights will temporarily lose at this distance the radar signals. AF447 disappeared from radar is not unusual, but the air traffic controllers in Brazil is somewhat nervous. Previously, they asked whether the Tower Hill on AF447 checkpoint has not been answered. After seven seconds, asking repeated, over six seconds and repeat it again, still no answer.

    However, away from the mainland Tahir checkpoint areas not receiving high-frequency radio waves and the phenomenon is not unusual. Brazil's air traffic control officers are more worried about the weather conditions in the region. At that time, a wide and 125 kilometers of storm with strong airflow being lie on the route.

    2:20, the AF447 flight into Senegalese air traffic control area estimated time Brazilian air traffic controllers contacted Senegal. And until two hours later, the Senegal radar did not find AF447 figure. The radio call again and again, the same is not answered.

    Senegalese air traffic control departments can notify Air France flight AF447 they can not find it gone.

    相关的主题文章:




    paper pom poms Hangzhou
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